Vaccination of Ex-acute COVID-19 Patients With Fibrosing Lung Syndrome at Discharge

Study Purpose

Methodology: This is a controlled, randomized, multicenter open-label Phase Ib clinical exploratory trial in patients with fibrosing interstitial lung disease secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients who give informed consent will be screened for enrolment in the study. Patients that meet the eligibility criteria will be enrolled and randomly allocated in the control arm (best standard of care) or the experimental arm (best standard of care plus IN01 vaccination). The patients enrolled in the control arm of the study will receive standard of care. The primary endpoint is safety, measured by the Frequency and severity of AEs graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 criteria. Biochemical and blood count alterations will be also monitored. Safety will be defined based on the frequency and severity of adverse events (AEs) throughout the patient's participation in the study comparing between control and experimental arms. Efficacy will be measured as function of the annual rate of decline in the Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) at 1 year after patient inclusion in the study and the blood oxygen saturation levels at days 1, 14 (w2), d 28 (w4), 42 (w6) and 92 (w12); week 24, week 36 and week 52. High-resolution Computed Tomography (CT) scans will be taken at at baseline and weeks, 12, 24, and 52 to evaluate the resolution of the fibrosing interstitial lung disease. A translational substudy will be included. Objectives: Primary Objective ● To evaluate the safety and tolerability of IN01 vaccine in diagnosed ex-COVID-19 patients that develop fibrotic lung syndrome after infection. Secondary Objectives

  • - To evaluate the effect of IN01 vaccine on Oxygen saturation, pulmonary function, quality of life and fibrosing status in ex-COVID-19 patients that developed fibrosing lung disease after infection.
  • - To assess biomarkers and molecular markers related to the IN01 vaccine mechanism of action.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Written informed consent approved by the investigator's Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Independent Ethics Committee (IEC), prior to the performance of any trial activities. 2. Age 18 years or older. 3. Patients with positive RT-PCR or IGm/IGG blood test for SARS-CoV-2 prior to the inclusion in the study. 4. Patients that have pneumonia associated to SARS-CoV-s infection prior to randomization. 5. Patients having respiratory dysfunction after SARS-CoV-2 infection and abnormal CT chest imaging. 6. Patients previously under high flow nasal cannula or non-invasive ventilation, or supplementary oxygen, during hospitalization for COVID-19. 7. Increased EGF level (more than 200 picogram/ml). 8. Negative serum pregnancy test at screening for women of childbearing potential. 9. Highly effective contraception for both male and female subjects throughout the study and for at least 3 months after last IMP treatment administration if the risk of conception exists.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with previous IPF, Autoimmune disease or connective tissue diseases (CTD). 2. Known of previous clinically significant pulmonary abnormalities that may interfere with the measurement of study variables in the opinion of the investigator as ILD, or chronic respiratory failure. 3. Other investigational therapy received within 1 month or 6 half-lives (whichever was greater) in the context of a clinical study. 4. Included a physician's decision that involvement in the trial was not in the patient's best interest. 5. Presence of any condition that would not allow the protocol to be followed safely. 6. Any mental health condition, that may interfere in the normal development of the study according to physician criteria. 7. Known hypersensitivity to the trial medication or its components 8. Other disease that may interfere with testing procedures or may put the patient at risk when participating in this trial in the judgment of the Investigator. 9. Women who are pregnant, nursing, or who plan to become pregnant while in the trial. Women of childbearing potential* not willing or able to use highly effective methods of birth control per ICH M3 (R2) that result in a low failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly as well as one barrier method for 28 days prior to and 3 months after experimental treatment administration. A list of contraception methods meeting these criteria is provided in the patient information. 10. Active alcohol or drug abuse in the opinion of the investigator. 11. Any other reason that the investigator deems to be incompatible with the patient'sparticipation in study.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 1
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Instituto Oncológico Dr Rosell
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Pablo Rubinstein, MD, MSc, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Hospital El Pilar
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Countries Spain

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Pulmonary Fibrosis, Covid19
Arms & Interventions


Experimental: Experimental

The investigational medical product, the IN01 vaccine, will be administered in two phases to those patients in the experimental arm: the induction phase and the maintenance phase. During the induction phase IN01 vaccine will be administered on day 1 and will be repeated on Day 14, Day 28, Day 42 and day 56. During the maintenance phase, the vaccination will be administered every 2 months with the same dosage and administration mode as during induction.

No Intervention: Control

The patients enrolled in the control arm of the study will receive standard of care.


Biological: - IN01 vaccine

INO1 vaccine is a biological compound comprising generated and purified from recombinant bacteria culture that contains a protein consisting of EGF-4-EGF portion and the Cholera Toxin B-Subunit Domain G33D sequence (CTB-G33D) separated by 4 amino acids and 14 amino acids respectively glycine/serine-rich linkers. IN01 is a recombinant growth factor fusion molecule which, once injected into the patient, stimulates the immune system to produce polyclonal anti-Epidermal Growth Factor (anti-EGF) neutralizing antibodies. This vaccine-led active immunisation is a new approach to target the growth factor pathways allowing for combinations with other small molecule inhibitors in order to obtain a sustained efficacy with an acceptable toxicity. The vaccine inhibits binding of circulating Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) to its receptor, EGF-R to block downstream activation of cell signaling pathways contributing to tumor growth or other pathophysiologies such as fibrosis.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Hospital El Pilar, Barcelona, Spain



Hospital El Pilar

Barcelona, , 08006

Site Contact

Investigator Selected by Sponsor


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