Ventilator-associated Injury (VAI) in Chronic Home Mechanical Ventilation

Study Purpose

Rationale: The pathophysiological changes in respiratory muscle morphology and functioning in patients with end-stage pulmonary disease are not very well known. Furthermore, in COPD, long-term high-intensity NIV is applied without knowing the exact consequences on the lungs and respiratory muscles. Objective: The aims of the study are to get insight in: A. changes respiratory muscles in end-stage respiratory disease, comparing COPD with restrictive lung disease (RLD) due to pulmonary fibrosis B. the effects of long-term HI-NIV in severe COPD patients on the respiratory muscles and the lungs; by comparing COPD patients that had been treated with long-term NIV to COPD patients that were not treated with long-term NIV. Study design: In order to investigate this, the investigators will include in a small pilot cohort study patients being lung transplanted. In these patients there is lung tissue available and respiratory muscle biopsies will be performed during lung-transplant surgery. Study population: Patients that are listed for lung transplantation for an underlying diagnosis of COPD or RLD will be asked to participate. Three groups will be included: patients with a RLD due to pulmonary fibrosis, COPD patients that had been treated with long-term NIV prior to being lung transplanted and COPD patients that were not treated with long-term NIV. Patients will be included definitely once being lung transplanted. Main study parameters/endpoints: The study is an exploratory pilot study. Both contractile strength and the structure of single diaphragm and intercostal muscle fibres as well as lung injury; i.e. alveolar structure and damage and inflammation in the alveoli, will be investigated.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Observational
Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. RLD: probable or confirmed diagnosis of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) or other fibrotic lung disease of unknown origin. 2. COPD: GOLD stage III or IV 3. Being listed for lung transplantation

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Concomitant neuromuscular or systemic/collagen-vascular disease 2. Prior lung surgery (except for lung biopsies) or lung volume reduction treatment 3. Being unable to understand the patient information and consent for the study

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04521426
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University Medical Center Groningen
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

N/A
Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Netherlands
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Respiratory Failure, Long-term Non-invasive Ventilation
Additional Details

Rationale: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive inflammatory disease characterised by airway and lung parenchyma damage. At end-stage disease patients may develop chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure, a disease characteristic that is however not uniformly seen in other end-stage lung diseases, such as in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. The underlying process for the development of chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure is incompletely understood and the role of respiratory muscle alterations is unclear. Home noninvasive ventilation with high-intensity ventilatory settings (HI-NIV) has been shown to be effective in these severe COPD patients. However, in patients being mechanically ventilated on the intensive care unit for diverse reasons, high-intensity ventilation, especially high tidal volumes, has been shown to result in ventilator associated lung and diaphragm injury. Whether this occurs in home high-intensity NIV, is however completely unknown. Objective: The aims of the study are to get insight in: A. changes respiratory muscles in end-stage respiratory disease, comparing COPD with restrictive lung disease (RLD) due to pulmonary fibrosis B. the effects of long-term HI-NIV in severe COPD patients on the respiratory muscles; i.e. the contractile strength and the structure of single diaphragm and intercostal muscle fibres and the lungs; i.e. alveolar structure and damage and inflammation, by comparing COPD patients that had been treated with long-term NIV to COPD patients that were not treated with long-term NIV. Study design: In order to investigate this, the investigators will include in a small pilot cohort study patients being lung transplanted. In these patients there is lung tissue available and respiratory muscle biopsies will be performed during lung-transplant surgery. Study population: Patients that are listed for lung transplantation for an underlying diagnosis of COPD or RLD will be asked to participate. Three groups will be included: patients with a RLD due to pulmonary fibrosis, COPD patients that had been treated with long-term NIV prior to being lung transplanted and COPD patients that were not treated with long-term NIV. Patients will be included definitely once being lung transplanted. Main study parameters/endpoints: The study is an exploratory pilot study. The study aims to get data on respiratory muscle and lung and airway pathology in order to, if important results are observed, set up a larger prospective trial investigating both clinical outcomes and pathology of the respiratory muscles/lungs. Both contractile strength and the structure of single diaphragm and intercostal muscle fibres as well as lung injury; i.e. alveolar structure and damage and inflammation in the alveoli, will be investigated.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

: Lung Fibrosis

probable or confirmed diagnosis of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) or other fibrotic lung disease of unknown origin. being listed for lung transplantation

: COPD standard therapy

COPD: GOLD stage III or IV being listed for lung transplantation did not underwent LVR surgery or endoscopic LVR not being treated with chronic NIV

: COPD with long-term NIV

COPD: GOLD stage III or IV being listed for lung transplantation did not underwent LVR surgery or endoscopic LVR being treated with chronic NIV before lung transplantation (at least 1 months, at least 4 hours per day).

Interventions

Other: - No other than standard care

No other than standard care.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands

Status

Recruiting

Address

University Medical Center Groningen

Groningen, ,

Site Contact

Marieke Duiverman

m.l.duiverman@umcg.nl

0031-50-3613200

Terms of Service

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