Urinary T Lymphocytes Predict Renal Flares in Patients With Inactive ANCA-associated Glomerulonephritis

Study Purpose

Urinary CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes may predict renal flares in patients with inactive ANCA-associated vasculitis and thus serve as early non-invasive biomarkers. Urine samples of patients with inactive renal ANCA-vasculitis will be analysed by flow cytometry and compared to clinical outcome after 6 months.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- diagnosed ANCA-associated vasculitis (clinical diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis or microscopic polyangiitis consistent with the Chapel-Hill consensus definitions AND positive test for proteinase 3-ANCA or myeloperoxidase-ANCA) - no currently active renal involvement (defined as BVAS = 0 with exception of hematuria or proteinuria as signs of renal scars) - written and informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- urinary tract infection - active menstrual bleeding - current therapy with rituximab - active renal involvement - other active renal disease (e.g. diabetic nephropathy)

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Philipp EnghardAdrian Schreiber, PD Dr. med.
Principal Investigator Affiliation Charite University, Berlin, GermanyCharite University, Berlin, Germany
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Germany

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Glomerulonephritis Acute
Additional Details

Data of previous studies have shown that counts of urinary T lymphocyte subsets correlate with disease activity in several immunological renal diseases, e.g. ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis. Thus, study authors hypothesise that CD4+, respectively CD8+, T effector memory lymphocytes found in urine samples of patients with inactive ANCA-vasculitis predict subsequent renal flares. Therefore, quantification of these cellular subsets might reliably predict relapse of ANCA associated glomerulonephritis at an early stage. In a prospective experimental study urine of patients with ANCA-vasculitis and no renal involvement or patients in renal remission will be analysed by flow cytometry. After 6 months of observation, clinical outcome and potential renal relapse will be determined and correlated to initial T lymphocyte count.

Arms & Interventions


: No renal involvement

Patients with ANCA-vasculitis and no ANCA-associated renal involvement in disease history

: Renal remission

Patient with ANCA-vasculitis in renal remission


Diagnostic Test: - Analysis of urine samples with flow cytometry

Urine samples will be conserved and frozen upon arrival. All samples will be stained according to T cell and TEC (tubular epithelial cells) panel with fluorochromes. T cell panel: CD3, CD4, CD8, CCR7, CD45RO, CD28, CD279; TEC panel: vimentin, cytokeratine, CD10, CD13, CD227, CD326

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany




Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Berlin, , 10117

Site Contact

Luka Prskalo



Helios Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Berlin, Germany




Helios Klinikum Berlin-Buch

Berlin, , 13125

Site Contact

Markus Bieringer, Dr. med.



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