Oxygen Savings With Administered Oxygen and High Flow Ambient Air At Rest

Study Purpose

This study is meant to compare the amount of oxygen required for hypoxemia relief between current standard of care (oxygen only) and oxygen with the addition of high flow air for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), and Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) patients during rest. Subjects will be titrated from 0 L/min until they maintain 95% SpO2 for each of the following delivery methods: 1. Pulses of pure oxygen (control) 2. Constant high flow air with pulses of pure oxygen 3. Out of phase pulses of high flow air and pure oxygen

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 30 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Provision of signed and dated informed consent form - Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study - Male or female, aged greater or equal to 30 years old - Require Long Term Oxygen Therapy between 1 L/min and 4 L/min while at rest - Have a peripheral blood saturation level above 80% with room air while seated - Tolerate breathing while seated in room air - Diagnosed with one of the following respiratory diseases: COPD (40% < Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) < 80% confirmed from pulmonary function test (PFT) within the last year), ILD (Confirmed with radiographic imaging), PH (Confirmed with radiographic imaging) - Normal heart rate and blood pressure (Resting Heart Rate <120 bpm, Systolic BP <180 mmHg, Diastolic BP <100mmHg) - PFT taken in the last three months

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnancy or lactation - Exacerbation that has resolved within the past 28 days - Treatment with another investigational drug or other intervention within three months - Has any of the following: unstable angina, recent revascularization, recent history of cerebrovascular accident

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04170062
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

N/A
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Sonye Danoff, MD, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Johns Hopkins University
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Lung Diseases, Interstitial, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Hypoxemia, Dyspnea, Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Additional Details

Each participant will require

  • (1) visit, which will last approximately 4-5 hours.
At start of visit: 1. Vitals are taken (temperature, heart rate, SpO2, respiration rate, blood pressure, Borg dyspnea score, Mmrc score) while participant is seated and using their normal oxygen prescription. 2. Patient will remain seated during the following procedure with SpO2 and heart rate continuously being monitored. Pulsed Oxygen Control at Rest: 1. Participant's oxygen will be turned off for 10 minutes as a washout period. 2. Using the oxygen tank with the pulse regulator, the participant will be titrated to a pulse rate that maintains their SpO2 at an average of 95%. a. Increasing volumes of oxygen in 1 L/min increments every thirty seconds until an average of 95% SpO2 is maintained for 30 seconds. 3. Once the participant is titrated to the correct amount of oxygen, they will remain on the oxygen for an additional 3 minutes 4. Final oxygen flow rate, SpO2, Heart Rate, and Borg Dyspnea Score will be recorded in the last minute of the test. Mixed Continuous Air/Oxygen Efficacy at Rest: 5. Participant's oxygen will be turned off for 10 minutes as a washout period. 6. The participant will be delivered pulsed oxygen and high flow ambient air using the oxygen tank with the pulse regulator and Vapotherm setup, the participant will be titrated to a pulse rate that maintains their SpO2 at an average of 95%. 1. High flow ambient air will be set to 15 L/min 2. Increasing volumes of oxygen from in 1 L/min increments every thirty seconds until an average of 95% SpO2 is maintained for 30 seconds. 7. Once the participant is titrated the correct amount of oxygen, they will remain on the oxygen for an additional 3 minutes. 8. Final oxygen flow rate, SpO2, Heart Rate, and Borg Dyspnea Score will be recorded in the last minute of the test. 9. Steps 5-8 are then repeated two more times for pulsed oxygen plus continuous flow ambient air at flow rates of 20 and 25 L/min. Mixed Pulsed Air/Oxygen Efficacy at Rest: 10. Participant's oxygen will be turned off for 10 minutes as a washout period 11. The participant will be delivered the out-of-phase pulsed oxygen and high flow ambient air using the oxygen tank with the pulse regulator and Vapotherm setup, the participant will be titrated to a pulse rate that maintains their SpO2 at an average of 95% 1. High flow ambient air will be set to 15 L/min 2. Increasing volumes of oxygen from in 1L/min increments every thirty seconds until an average of 95% SpO2 is maintained for 30 seconds. 12. Once the participant is titrated the correct amount of oxygen, they will remain on the oxygen for an additional 3 minutes 13. Final oxygen flow rate, SpO2, Heart Rate, and Borg Dyspnea Score will be recorded in the last minute of the test. 14. Steps 10-13 are then repeated two more times for out-of phase pulsed oxygen plus pulsed high flow ambient air at flow rates of 20 and 25 L/min.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1a

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 20 L/min, 25 L/min) and then Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 20 L/min, 25 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1b

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 25 L/min, 20 L/min) and then Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 25 L/min, 20 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1c

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 15 L/min, 25 L/min) and then Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 15 L/min, 25 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1d

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 25 L/min, 15 L/min) and then Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 25 L/min, 15 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1e

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 15 L/min, 20 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 15 L/min, 20 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 1f

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 20 L/min, 15 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 20 L/min, 15 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2a

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 20 L/min, 25 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 20 L/min, 25 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2b

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 25 L/min, 20 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 15 L/min, 25 L/min, 20 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2c

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 15 L/min, 25 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 15 L/min, 25 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2d

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 25 L/min, 15 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 20 L/min, 25 L/min, 15 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2e

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 15 L/min, 20 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 15 L/min, 20 L/min).

Experimental: Baseline followed by intervention 2f

Subjects perform baseline titration with oxygen only first. Subjects are then titrated with six different delivery methods. The subjects will be first delivered Out-of-Phase pulsed high-flow air and oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 20 L/min, 15 L/min) and then Continuous high-flow air with pulsed oxygen (order of high-flow air flow rate: 25 L/min, 20 L/min, 15 L/min).

Interventions

Device: - Nasal Delivery of High-Flow Air and Oxygen Therapy

They will receive high-flow air and oxygen via a dual lumen nasal cannula at rest. Participants will be administered the high-flow air and then titrated with oxygen from 0 L/min until they reach and maintain a SpO2 level of 95% for 30 seconds. They will then remain on this setting for 3 additional minutes with continuous monitoring of SpO2 levels.

Device: - Nasal Delivery of Oxygen Therapy

They will receive oxygen via a dual lumen nasal cannula at rest. Participants will be titrated with oxygen from 0 L/min until they reach and maintain a SpO2 level of 95% for 30 seconds. They will then remain on this setting for 3 additional minutes with continuous monitoring of SpO2 levels.

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Status

Recruiting

Address

The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore, Maryland, 212187

Site Contact

Tianzhi Mao

tmao2@jhmi.edu

410-502-5819

Baltimore, Maryland

Status

Recruiting

Address

Johns Hopkins Hospital Bayview Asthma and Allergy Center

Baltimore, Maryland, 21224

Site Contact

Tianzhi Mao

tmao2@jhmi.edu

410-502-5819

Terms of Service

The PFF does not promote or represent that any investigational new drugs mentioned are safe or effective. The content provided on clinical trials is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for medical consultation with your healthcare provider. We do not recommend or endorse any specific study and you are advised to discuss the information shown with your healthcare provider. While we believe the information presented on this website to be accurate at the time of writing, we do not guarantee that its contents are correct, complete, or applicable to any particular individual situation. We strongly encourage individuals to seek out appropriate medical advice and treatment from their physicians. We cannot guarantee the availability of any clinical trial listed and will not be responsible if you are considered ineligible to participate in a given clinical trial. We are also not liable for any injury arising as a result of participation. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. For a full description of terms please refer to our Terms, Conditions & Privacy.

Back to Top
footer_txt_bblBook a PFF Ambassador for your event.   Call 844.TalkPFF >