Yellow Fever Vaccine in Patients With Rheumatic Diseases

Study Purpose

According to World Health Organization (WHO), since December 2016, Brazil is showing a significant increase in cases of yellow fever in humans. In view of this, vaccination is suitable for residents and travelers to the risk area. However, for immunosuppressed patients there is a formal recommendation not to vaccinate with live virus vaccine. On the other hand, the safety and efficacy of the vaccine has been demonstrated in patients with HIV, and safety and seroconversion have also been demonstrated in patients with rheumatic disease who were inadvertently revaccinated for yellow fever. Faced with the impossibility of leaving the high-risk area for some patients the vaccination could be released to only those who have low level of immunosuppression as suggested by some recommendations of medical societies. The availability of a fractional vaccine in the State of São Paulo, which has proved its efficacy, opens the possibility of exposure to a lower number of copies of the virus in the first exposure of immunosuppressed patients, allowing, if necessary, a safer revaccination, after 28 days to obtain of a more effective immunogenic response. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the immune response of the immunization with fractional yellow fever vaccine (neutralizing antibodies) in patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases residing in a high-risk area. Secondarily, evaluate the possible association between immunogenicity and vaccination with: demographic data, clinical and laboratory activity of the disease in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, evaluate the curve of viremia and report adverse events. Patients and healthy controls will be vaccinated for yellow fever in the Immunization Center of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP). The patients' screening for exclusion and inclusion criteria will be done at the rheumatology outpatient clinic after medical evaluation. For the controls will be the routine screening of the Immunization Center. The vaccination protocol will be a fractional dose of the yellow fever vaccine on day D0 for both groups. Patients will be evaluated on day D0, D5, D10, D30-4 and D365 and controls only on days D0, D10, D30-45 and D365 for aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), platelets, urea and creatinine, immunoglobulin M (IgM) by immunofluorescence for Yellow Fever, viremia, autoantibodies.

Recruitment Criteria

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Study Type
Eligible Ages 2 Years - 60 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Rheumatic disease under low immunosuppression (hydroxychloroquine, sulfasalazine or methotrexate plus prednisone up to 7,5mg/day or leflunomide plus prednisone up to 7,5mg/day), - Resident in high risk área for Yellow Fever

Exclusion Criteria:

- Active disease - Primary immunodeficiency - History of anaphylactic response to vaccine components or egg allergy - Living outside the risk area - Do not meet criteria for low immunosuppression - History of previous immunization with the yellow fever vaccine - History of live virus vaccine up to 4 weeks before - Individuals who do not agree to participate in the study and/or whose parents do not agree to participate in the study

Trial Details

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

Trial ID:

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.


The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Lead Sponsor
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator
Eloisa Bonfa, MD, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Rheumatology Division of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, SP - Brazil

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Agency Class
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Brazil

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Systemic Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spondyloarthritis, Inflammatory Myopathy, Systemic Sclerosis, Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Takayasu Arteritis, Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis, Sjogren's Syndrome, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

International Sites

São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil




Rheumatology Division of Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo

São Paulo, Sao Paulo, 05403-000

Site Contact

Eloisa Bonfa, MD, PhD

55 11 30617490

Terms of Service

The PFF does not promote or represent that any investigational new drugs mentioned are safe or effective. The content provided on clinical trials is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for medical consultation with your healthcare provider. We do not recommend or endorse any specific study and you are advised to discuss the information shown with your healthcare provider. While we believe the information presented on this website to be accurate at the time of writing, we do not guarantee that its contents are correct, complete, or applicable to any particular individual situation. We strongly encourage individuals to seek out appropriate medical advice and treatment from their physicians. We cannot guarantee the availability of any clinical trial listed and will not be responsible if you are considered ineligible to participate in a given clinical trial. We are also not liable for any injury arising as a result of participation. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. For a full description of terms please refer to our Terms, Conditions & Privacy.

Back to Top
footer_txt_bblBook a PFF Ambassador for your event.   Call 844.TalkPFF >