Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.
|Eligible Ages||30 Years and Over|
For patients with sarcoidosis:
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Joseph Cheriyan, MBChB, MA, FRCP|
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
|Lung Inflammation, Sarcoidosis|
Inflammation plays an important role in a myriad of human diseases. Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILDs) are characterised by widespread inflammation and represent a major burden to the health sector. Imaging offers a method of assessing lung inflammation which is non-invasive and may help facilitate the development of new therapeutic drugs. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a sensitive imaging modality that uses radioactive material to highlight areas of disease. 18F-FDG is the most common radioactive tracer; it accumulates in cells with an increased metabolic rate. Previous studies have shown that inflammatory cells have an increased metabolic rate, thus PET imaging could highlight inflammation. 18F-FDG PET has been used in many studies exploring lung diseases; the concentration of tracer is thought to relate to the severity of inflammation. There is currently no standardised method to analyse FDG-PET scans to assess the concentration of tracer in the lung (and therefore inflammation). A major challenge is providing corrections to ensure that the image only represents tracer in the lung tissue. Such corrections are non-trivial and affect how images are interpreted. A robust validation is needed to ensure that the analysis methods used in FDG-PET images truly represent the degree of lung inflammation. Part A of this study aims to validate and compare the different analysis methods. Pulmonary sarcoidosis is a disease characterised by widespread lung inflammation. In Part A of the study the investigators will recruit patients with this condition, as well as age and gender matched (wherever possible) healthy volunteers. All Part A participants will receive one dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT scan. The investigators will assess the uptake of 18FDG from PET images from patients with sarcoidosis versus those taken from healthy volunteers to validate and assess the reliability of the analysis method. For Part B of the study the investigators will recruit healthy volunteers aged 50 or more. If sarcoidosis patients in Part A are 50 years old or more, the age-matched HV will be recruited in to Part B instead, thus potentially minimising the number of HVs that might need to be recruited in to Part A of the study. The aims of this research study are: i) To compare FDG-PET derived tissue inflammation measures against measures of inflammation from BAL samples. ii) To compare different models of 18F-FDG lung analysis in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. iii) To identify whether FDG PET is sensitive enough to detect a change in inflammation induced in healthy volunteers.
: Participants with sarcoidosis
Bronchoscopy, BAL collection, and PFTs* [SoC] *if required Screening, research and safety bloods Dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT scan
: Healthy volunteers
Part A: PFTs Screening, research and safety bloods Dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT scan Part B: PFTs Screening, research and safety bloods Baseline and post challenge Dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT scans LPS/saline challenge
Radiation: - PET/CT scan
PET/CT will be performed at Cambridge University Hospital's PET-CT unit, Cambridge. Participants in Part A of the study (sarcoidosis and HVs) will receive one PET/CT scan. A Cine-CT scan will be performed immediately prior to the 18F-FDG PET/CT scan. Settings for the CT scans will be determined by clinical protocols, radiation dose will be kept as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP) consistent with UK legislation. After 6 hours of fasting and if blood glucose concentration is ≤11mmol/L participants will proceed to undergo an 18FDG PET/CT scan. 18F-FDG will be administered intravenously at a dose of approximately 200 MBq. Positron emission scanning will involve a 60-minute dynamic acquisition from the lungs.
Other: - LPS Challenge
In Part B, eight healthy volunteers will undergo an LPS challenge whereby each participant is injected with the challenge agent, Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), to invoke temporary mild lung inflammation. Each participant will have a PET/CT scan before and after the administration of LPS and the images will be assessed to determine whether these methods are able to detect true lung inflammation.
Other: - Saline Challenge
In Part B, four healthy volunteers will undergo a saline challenge as outlined above for the LPS challenge. Pre- and post-challenge scans will provide control data for the study.
Diagnostic Test: - Blood and urine sampling
For women whose post-menopausal status and/or pregnancy status is uncertain at screening, a blood sample will be collected to test for pregnancy and menopausal status (hormone profiling) before enrolling them on to the study. If pregnancy status is still uncertain at study visits, participants will have a urine pregnancy test before undergoing any PET/CT scans to ensure it is safe for them to continue in the study.
If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.