Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.
|Eligible Ages||3 Years and Over|
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Neal S Young, M.D.|
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
|Study Website:||View Trial Website|
Telomere disease is caused by accelerated telomere attrition and results in multi-organ dysfunction. Telomeres are nucleotide repeats of non-coding DNA at the end of the chromosomes which function as protective caps to prevent erosion of genomic DNA during cell division and to protect chromosomes from recognition as single stranded DNA. Telomeric DNA is elongated by the telomerase complex, which is comprised of a reverse transcriptase catalytic subunit (encoded by TERT), an RNA template (encoded by TERC) and associated proteins. Telomerase activity is crucial in maintaining telomere length in cells with a high proliferative capacity, such as hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and lymphocytes. Presentation of telomeropathies can vary from severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and dyskeratosis congenital (DKC) early in childhood, to pulmonary or hepatic fibrosis later in life. There is no standard of care for the treatment of telomere disease. Considerable evidence suggests that sex hormones regulate telomerase. Calado et al. demonstrated that human lymphocytes and CD34+ hematopoietic cells up regulate both TERT gene expression and telomerase enzymatic activity in response to androgens in vitro. A recent observational cohort study demonstrated hematologic response in 14 of 16 pediatric patients with DKC treated with androgens. In a prospective trial from our Branch, Townsley et al demonstrated that patients with telomere diseases who were treated with the synthetic sex hormone danazol showed telomere elongation, and hematologic response were seen in 79% of patients after only three months of treatment. This study used the highest dose of danazol, 800 mg daily, and known adverse effects, such as elevated liver enzyme levels and muscle cramps, occurred in 41% and 33% of patients, respectively. Overall the treatment was well tolerated, but some patients did require dose reduction. After 27 patients were enrolled, the study was halted early, because telomere attrition was reduced in all 12 patients who could be evaluated for the primary endpoint. Because of the limited power, we were unable to draw definitive conclusions regarding further clinical effect of danazol but stabilization or improvement was observed in a few cases in other organ function, measured by DLCO for pulmonary fibrosis and Fibroscan for cirrhosis. We now propose a phase II study designed to determine the efficacy of low dose danazol in decreasing the rate of telomere attrition in subjects with a short age-adjusted telomere length. The secondary aim is to determine the clinical effect of this therapy in conditions that are related to short telomeres, to include cytopenia(s), pulmonary fibrosis, and/or hepatic fibrosis.
Active Comparator: 200 mg Arm
100 mg twice a day
Active Comparator: 400 mg Arm
200 mg twice a day
Drug: - Danazol
Adult: 200 mg daily versus 400 mg daily. Pediatric: 4 mg/kg/day divided in twice daily dose (max 400 mg daily) for 6 months or 2 mg/kg/day divided in twice daily dose (max 200 mg daily) for 6 months.
If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.